What to
know about
timing and
training
What you need to know about timing and training
copyright (c) 2021 Frania Shelley-Grielen. All rights reserved.

Interested in or trying to train your dog or yes, even your cat? From basic requests,
like “sit,” “off” and “come” your pet needs to understand what you are asking her to
do and know when she has done it and be rewarded for it.  Training or teaching is
basically a Request, Response, Reward sequence.  Behaviors that are rewarded,
whatever those rewards might be, tend to repeat.  Sounds simple so far, right?  It
is as long as you have the all important detail of timing down to the nanosecond.

If you haven’t heard yet that training is a mechanical skill you will now.  That

famous mechanical skill means that your timing in the Request, Response, Reward
sequence is what makes the teaching and learning happen, without it both dog and
human are out of sync and confused.  As much as your dog desires to please you,
and they do, they cannot understand English.  As well programmed as our dogs
might be in reading our body language to determine our mood and doing their
best to appease us they do not understand specific requests unless they have been
taught them. They, unlike us, have not been to school and learned to understand
the many words we used. They can learn, ‘though, requests, as long as we break
them down very clearly and mark them and this is where the timing comes in.

Let’s look at “sit”: we can either lure a dog into position by holding a treat directly

in front of the dog’s nose and pulling it slowly back over the head so the haunches
lower to the ground (lifting the treat away from the dog at that point is luring a
jump, a common error to watch for).  We can also ask for the behavior if the dog
already knows the request.  The second the haunches hit the ground is when we
need to mark/identify /label the behavior and reward it by saying “Good Sit!”
and giving the treat.  As humans, we tend to wait and observe the behaviors as
they happen.  We pause to observe and when we pause we lose the timing
opportunity for coaching or teaching what that word/label “sit” means.  The
dog is able to learn “sit” means "put haunches on the floor" only because you are
allowing for the association of your marking the behavior with the label ‘Good Sit”
and the reward, which here would be the praise/label "Good Sit" at the exact

moment the sit happens and the treat following immediately.  (Beware of that
other common trainer error, repeating the request, "sit" repeatedly, even as the
dog is doing it or has done it. Putting the "Good !" in front of the request makes
all the difference in asking for something and rewarding and marking what the
dog is doing in response.)

Understanding how to use the skill of timing in training is work.  The trainer

has to  learn how to mark the exact moment of a response.  Powers of observation
and paying close attention to intention movements are vital to develop.  Clicker
training seeks to assist in marking behaviors at their exact moment as long as the
trainer engages the clicker in time.  I prefer my voice simply because it is always
there, starts up in symphony with seeing the behavior and does not require
another device to manipulate or delay response.  

The very best way to develop the skill of timing in training is to begin practicing

with the focus being on your timing in concert with what the dog is doing in the
Request, Response and Reward sequence.  Think of the work as you improving on
your own response and timing to what you are asking the dog to do and how
quickly you can mark it and reinforce it.  There is a definite learning curve with
this and the more you practice, the better you get. Remember, they can’t learn if
we can’t teach.

This article is an original work and is subject to copyright. You may create a link to
this article on another website or in a document back to this web page. You may
not copy this article in whole or in part onto another web page or document without
permission of the author. Email inquiries to info@animalbehaviorist.us
Timing and postive reinforcement are the secrets to training
Emmy Mik
"Clicker training seeks to assist
in marking behaviors at their
exact moment as long as the
trainer engages the clicker in
time.  I prefer my voice simply
because it is always there and
does not require another device
to manipulate or delay response."  
copyright Frania Shelley-Grielen
Request an individual consultation  
Frania Shelley-Grielen is AnimalBehaviorist.us
info@animalbehaviorist.us
212-722-2509 / 646-228-7813

Entire website copyright Frania Shelley-Grielen
Learn how to mark the exact moment of a response with a happy Yes or Good!
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