What to
know about
timing and
training
What you need to know about timing and training  copyright  
2015-201
9 Frania Shelley-Grielen all rights reserved

Interested in or trying to train your dog or yes, even your cat? From basic requests, like
“sit,” “off” and “come” your pet needs to understand what you are asking her to do and
know when she has done it and be rewarded for it.  Training or teaching is basically a
Request, Response, Reward sequence.  Behaviors that are rewarded, whatever those
rewards might be, tend to repeat.  Sounds simple so far, right?  It is as long as you have
the all important detail of timing down to the nanosecond.

If you haven’t heard yet that training is a mechanical skill you will now.  That famous
mechanical skill means that your timing in the Request, Response, Reward sequence is
what makes the teaching and learning happen, without it both dog and human are out
of sync and confused.  As much as your dog desires to please you, and they do, they can-
not understand English.  As well programmed as our dogs might be in reading our body
language to determine our mood and doing their best to appease us they do not under-
stand specific requests unless they have been taught them.  They, unlike us, have not
been to school and learned to understand the many words we used.  They can learn,
‘though, requests, as long as we break them down very clearly and mark them and
this is where the timing comes in.

Let’s look at “sit”: we can either lure a dog into position by holding a treat directly in
front of the dog’s nose and pulling it slowly back over the head so the haunches lower
to the ground (lifting the treat away from the dog at that point is luring a jump, a
common error to watch for).  We can also ask for the behavior if the dog already knows
the request.  The second the haunches hit the ground is when we need to mark/identify
/label the behavior and reward it by saying “Good Sit!” and giving the treat.  As humans,
we tend to wait and observe the behaviors as they happen.  We pause to observe and when
we pause we lose the timing opportunity for coaching or teaching what that word/label
“sit” means.  The dog is able to learn “sit” means "put haunches on the floor" only because
you are allowing for the association of your marking the behavior with the label ‘Good Sit”
and the reward, which here would be the praise/label "Good Sit" at the exact moment the
sit happens and the treat following immediately.  (Beware of that other common trainer
error, repeating the request, "sit" repeatedly, even as the dog is doing it or has done it.  
Putting the "Good !" in front of the request makes all the difference in asking for something
and rewarding and marking what the dog is doing in response.)

Understanding how to use the skill of timing in training is work.  The trainer has to  learn
how to mark the exact moment of a response.  Powers of observation and paying close
attention to intention movements are vital to develop.  Clicker training seeks to assist
in marking behaviors at their exact moment as long as the trainer engages the clicker in
time.  I prefer my voice simply because it is always there, starts up in symphony with
seeing the behavior and does not require another device to manipulate or delay response.  

The very best way to develop the skill of timing in training is to begin practicing with the
focus being on your timing in concert with what the dog is doing in the Request, Response
and Reward sequence.  Think of the work as you improving on your own response and
timing to what you are asking the dog to do and how quickly you can mark it and reinforce
it.  There is a definite learning curve with this and the more you practice, the better you
get. Remember, they can’t learn if we can’t teach.

This article is an original work and is subject to copyright. You may create a link to this
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article in whole or in part onto another web page or document without permission of the
author. Email inquiries to info@animalbehaviorist.us
Timing and postive reinforcement are the secrets to training
Emmy Mik
"Clicker training seeks to assist
in marking behaviors at their
exact moment as long as the
trainer engages the clicker in
time.  I prefer my voice simply
because it is always there and
does not require another device
to manipulate or delay response."  
copyright Frania Shelley-Grielen
Request an individual consultation  
Frania Shelley-Grielen is AnimalBehaviorist.us
info@animalbehaviorist.us
212-722-2509 / 646-228-7813

Entire website copyright Frania Shelley-Grielen
Learn how to mark the exact moment of a response with a happy Yes or Good!
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